Коротко

Арктическая территория
Вся территория Соединенных Штатов к северу и западу от границы, образованной реками Дикобраз, Юкон и Кускоквим; все сопредельные моря, включая Северный Ледовитый океан и моря Бофорта, Берингова и Чукотского моря; и Алеутская цепь.

Население Арктики
Приблизительно 50 000 чел.

Коренные народы Арктики
Алеуты, алутики, юпики, инупиаки (северо-западные инуиты Аляски), атабаски, тлинкиты и хайда

США и Арктический регион

Соединенные Штаты стали арктической страной после покупки Аляски в 1867 году. К регионам за Полярным кругом относятся округ Норт-Слоуп, Северо-Западный арктический округ и район переписи населения Нома. Аляска - самый крупный и наименее густонаселенный штат США. В штате около 737 400 жителей, более половины из которых проживают в двух крупных городах Анкоридж и Фэрбенкс.

Добыча нефти и горнодобывающая промышленность были основными отраслями промышленности на Аляске. Другие известные отрасли включают рыболовство и туризм, важность и спрос на которые растет. Почти два миллиона человек ежегодно приезжают на Аляску, с целью посетить ее огромные ледники, горы и дикую природу.

Соединенные Штаты имеют различные интересы в Арктике, включая национальную безопасность и безопасность страны, защиту окружающей среды, устойчивое развитие, содействие сотрудничеству и сотрудничеству с другими арктическими странами, вовлечение коренных народов в принятие решений, которые их затрагивают, а также поддержку и продвижение научных исследований во всем регионе. Цель страны - создать безопасный и стабильный регион, свободный от конфликтов, где его интересы защищены, ее родина находится под защитой, а арктические государства совместно работают над решением общих проблем. Последний раз арктическая политика Соединенных Штатов была обновлена в мае 2013 года и соответствует Президентской директиве о национальной безопасности 2009 года-66 / Президентской директиве о внутренней безопасности-25.

Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous peoples in Alaska include the Aleut, Alutiiq, Yup’ik, Iñupiaq (Northwest Alaskan Inuit), Athabaskan, Tlingit and Haida. Of these peoples, the Yup’ik, Athabaskans and Iñupiaq live above the Arctic Circle and rely heavily on subsistence hunting and fishing. Approximately 18 percent of the Alaskan population are Indigenous.

The United States in the Arctic Council

The United States held the country’s first Arctic Council chairmanship from 1998-2000, and again from 2015-2017. Throughout its first chairmanship, the United States’ priorities included:

  • Human health, including telemedicine and disease surveillance
  • The effects of climate change in the Arctic
  • Sustainable Arctic tourism development

Throughout its most recent chairmanship, the United States’ priorities included:

  • Arctic Ocean safety, security and stewardship, including search and rescue cooperation, oil pollution preparedness and response, maritime protection, maritime shipping and ocean acidification monitoring
  • Addressing the impacts of climate change
  • Improving economic and living conditions in the Arctic, including pursuing innovative technologies, advancing mental wellness research and addressing telecommunications infrastructure

Key accomplishments

  • The United States, together with the other seven Arctic States, launched the International Circumpolar Surveillance (ICS), a region-wide disease surveillance system led by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • The United States launched the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA), the first-ever comprehensive scientific assessment of the effects of climate change in the Arctic, which was completed under Iceland’s chairmanship in 2004
  • The United States and Russia co-chaired a special task force on science cooperation under the auspices of the Arctic Council that led to the conclusion of a legally-binding “Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation,” which was signed by foreign ministers at the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting on May 11, 2017 in Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • The U.S. has served as chair of both Expert Groups on Marine Environmental Response and Search and Rescue in exercising the “Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic” (signed 2013) and the “Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic” (signed 2011).
Meredith Rubin
Meredith Rubin
Senior Arctic Official; U.S. Department of State Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs

Contact for press inquiries
+1 (202) 485 1540
OES-PA-DG@state.gov

Featured Projects

Marine Biodiversity Monitoring

Arctic marine environments are experiencing, or expected to experience, many human-induced and natural pressures.
Red Knots. Photo: Morten Ekker

Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI)

The Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI) is a project designed to improve the status and secure the long-term sustainability of declining Arctic breeding migratory bird populations.
Photo: Steve Hillebrand/USFWS

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP)

The CBMP is an international network of scientists, governments, Indigenous organizations and conservation groups working to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the Arctic's living resourc...
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Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) of the Central Arctic Ocean

PAME has teamed up with the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) to investigate the current state of the Central Arctic...

Региональный план действий по морскому мусору

The Regional Action Plan will address both sea and land-based activities, focusing on Arctic-specific marine litter sources and pathways that will play an important role in demonstrating Arctic States...

Arctic Resilience Action Framework (ARAF)

The ARAF is a framework to advance a coordinated, regional approach to building resilience and adapting to rapid change.

Prevention, Preparedness and Response for small communities

EPPR has been working with small communities to improve their safety in case of an oil spill event.

Arctic Remote Energy Networks Academy (ARENA)

ARENA seeks to increase human capacity, promote leadership, and deploy traditional and local knowledge through the creation of a knowledge exchange program emphasizing the development, operation, and ...
Photo: CAFF

Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring

Temperature can affect terrestrial ecosystems through thawing permafrost, snowmelt, drought, fires, changes in phenology (with subsequent implications on the food web), encroachment of invasive specie...
Photo: Hjalti Hreinsson

Gender Equality in the Arctic

GEA is an international collaborative project focusing on gender equality in the Arctic, beginning in 2013. Phase 3 of the project began in 2019.
Photo: iStock / RyersonClark

One Health

A theoretical concept and practical approach for developing and sustaining broad interdisciplinary collaboration – to identify, prevent, and mitigate health risks in humans, animals and the environmen...
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Арктический судоходный информационный форум по наилучшим практикам

The Arctic Shipping Best Practice Information Forum facilitates an exchange of information and best practices on shipping topics like hydrography, search and rescue logistics, industry guidelines and ...
Permafrost erosion in Alaska. Photo: USGS / M. Torre Jorgenson

Climate Issues: Cryosphere, meteorology, ecosystem impacts

AMAP is further developing work on thresholds and extremes, Arctic/mid-latitude weather connections and performance of global models in the Arctic, with contributions from the meteorology community. T...
Arctic Council logo

Circumpolar Local Environmental Observer Network (CLEO)

Our world is changing rapidly, and local observers can detect subtle changes in weather, landscapes and seascapes, and in plant and animal communities.
Garbage incinerator in Greenland. Photo: iStock / olli0815

Community-based black carbon and public health assessment

Assessing and mitigating the risks of black carbon to public health.
Soot on ice. Photo:iStock

Arctic Black Carbon Case Studies Platform

Across the Arctic, countries and communities are taking action to reduce black carbon emissions. The Black carbon case studies platform highlights mitigation projects and policies relevant to the Arct...

Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON)

SAON's vision is a connected, collaborative, and comprehensive long-term pan-Arctic Observing System that serves societal needs. SAON's mission is to facilitate, coordinate, and advocate for...

Данные по судоходству в Арктике

PAME's Arctic Ship Traffic Data (ASTD) project has been developed in response to a growing need to collect and distribute accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on shipping activities in ...
Cod drying. Photo: iStock

Blue Bioeconomy in the Arctic Region

The sustainable and intelligent use of renewable aquatic natural resources, with a focus on improving utilization and creating higher-value products.
Murres on cliff. Photo: iStock

Coastal Biodiversity Monitoring

Arctic coastal ecosystems include those areas within the Arctic region where fjords, glaciers, rocky coasts, coastal wetlands, estuaries, rivers, lakes, and coastal ocean ecosystems meet and interact ...